|Will of George Hall Yeoman of West Mersea 25 March 1636 transcribed from Essex Record Office document D/ABW 54/121
Transcriber Trevor Hearn 9th February 2021
1 In the name of god amen The Five and Twentieth
2 daie of March Anno d[o]m[ini] 1636: And in the Eleaventh Yeere of the Reigne of
3 our Sovereigne Lord Charles by the grace of God of England Scotland Fraunce &
4 Ireland Kinge defendour of the Faieth e[t]c: I George Hall
5 of Westmersey in the County of Essex yeoman, beeinge of whole minde & p[er]fect memory
6 (thankes bee Given to God) doe ordeyne & make this my last will & testament
7 in manner & forme followinge (That is to Saie) First I commend my Soule
8 to God (that gave it :) And my Bodie I com[m]itt to the Earth (from whence it came) To
9 bee buried in decent & Christrian buriall at the discretion of mine executor
10 herafter named when it shall please god to call mee out of this mortall life : And
11 as for that p[er]sonall estate & temporall goods (w[hi]ch God hath lent mee & bestowed upon
12 mee) I will, give, bequeath, & dispose, of them as followeth. Item I will & bequeath
13 unto Elizabeth my loveinge wife Five powndes of good & lawfull money of England To
14 bee paied unto her or her assignes w[i]thin Sixe monethes next after my decease.
15 And I bequeath & give unto her the said Elizabeth my wife All such goods & chattles
16 Cattles implements of howsehold & howsehold stuffe, w[hi]ch were hers when I did
17 marrie her : And w[hi]ch shall remaine & bee in my possession at the tyme of \my/ death.
1 To bee deliv[er]ed to her the said Elizabeth or her assignes w[i]thin one moneth next after
2 my decease. Item I give & beequeath unto Elizabeth Potts my daughter the
3 full som[m]e of Twentie shillinges of lawfull English money A yeere : To bee paied
4 unto her or her assignes yeerlie & ev[er]y yeere From & after my decease For the tyme
5 and tearme of Tenne whole yeeres. halfe yeerelie by even & equall porc[i]ons
6 Respectively. And the firste halfe yeerlie paiement therof to beegin & to bee paied At
7 th[e]ende of the Firste halfe yeere <........> that shall happen to bee afull & compleete
8 halfe yeere next after my decease. Item I will & give unto my grandchildren
9 Thomas Potts & George Potts (the sonnes of my said daughter Elizabeth Potts) to
10 either of them Tenne powndes of lawfull English money apeece : To bee paied
11 unto them & either of them, or their assignes at their age of one & twentie yeeres
12 Provided alwaies & my will & minde is that if either of them the said Thomas
13 or George Potts to die & dep[ar]te out of this mortall life beefore that hee shall attaine
14 unto & accomplishe his said age of one & twentie yeeres : That then the survivour of
15 them to have the Tenne powndes given by this my will to him that shall soe die : And
16 to enjoy the same in as full & ample manner & forme (to all intent[es] & purposes) As hee
17 that shall so die might have had & enjoyed the same (respectivelie) if hee had lived.
1 And that if both of them the said Thomas & George Potts my grandchildren shall
2 happen to die & dep[ar]te out of this mortall life before they shall attaine unto &
3 accomplishe their said Age of One & twentie yeeres : That then the said som[m]es
4 of Tenne powndes apeece given unto them the said Thomas & George shalbee
5 equallie paied p[ar]ted & devided to & amongst so maney of the children of her the said
6 Elizabeth as shalbee then liveinge : But if shee the said Elizabeth my daughter shall
7 happen then to have neither children nor child survivinge : Then my will & minding
8 is that the said som[m]e of Twentie powndes (respectivelie) shall bee & remaine to
9 & for the use benifitt & behoofe of her my said daughter Elizabeth And to bee paied
10 unto her or her assignes by myne executor herafter named w[i]thin One yeere
11 next after the decease of them the said Thomas & George Potts. Item I give
12 & bequeath unto my daughter Margarett Wilcocke <....> For & duringe the tyme &
13 tearme of Tenne yeeres From & after my decease next & im[m]ediatly ensuynge &
14 followinge & fullie to bee compleete & ended : The yeerlie som[m]e of Twentie shillinges
15 of good & lawfull money of England : To bee paied unto her the said Margaret or
16 her assignes halfe yeerlie by even & equall porc[i]ons : And the firste paiement therof
17 to beegin & to bee paied at th[e]ende of the firste halfe yeere that shall firste happen
18 to bee a full & compleete halfe yeere next after my decease. Item I beequeath
1 And give unto Thomas Wilcocke my Grandchild (the sonne of my said daughter
2 Margaret Wilcocke) the full sum[m]e of Tenne powndes of good & lawfull money of
3 England To bee paied unto hym or his assignes upon hee shall have accomplished
4 his full age of one & Twentie yeeres. Provided alwaies that if shall
5 happen the said Thomas Wilcocke to die & dep[ar]te this mortall life before hee shall
6 have accomplished his said age of One & twentie yeeres : Then my will & meaninge
7 is that the said som[m]e of Tenne powndes before menc[i]oned to bee bequeathed to the
8 said Thomas Wilcock shalbee equally paied p[ar]ted & devided to & amongest the
9 children (or child) of my said daughter Margarett that shalbee then survivinge.
10 But if it shall happen the said Margerett my daughter at the tyme of the death
11 of the said Thomas Wilcocke shall have neither children nor child surviveinge
12 Then my intent & mindinge is that the said som[m]e of Tenne pownds before menc[i]oned
13 to bee given unto the said Thomas Willcock shalbee paied (<..........>) to her the said
14 Margarett or her assignes w[i]thin One Yeere next after the decease
15 of the said Thomas Wilcocke her said sonne. Item I will give & beequeath
16 unto Daniell Pudney Joseph Pudney & Jeremiah Pudney my grandchildren
17 the sonnes of my daughter Grace Pudney to ev[er]y one of them Tenne powndes
1 Of good & lawfull money of England Apeece : To bee paied unto them & ev[er]y one of them
2 (respectively) At their age of one & twentie yeeres : Provided alwaies & my
3 wyll intent & true meaninge is that if anie of them the said Daniel Joseph or
4 Jeremiah Pudney shall happen to dep[ar]te this mortall life beefore hee or they (so
5 dieinge) shall have attained unto & accomplished his or their age of jtie yeeres
6 That then the survivours <........> or survivour of them to have the p[ar]te & porc[i]on
7 of him xx\& them/ so dieinge (respectivelie). Item I give & bequeath unto my daughter
8 Grace Pudney the som[m]e of Five powndes of lawfull English money To bee paied
9 unto her or her assignes w[i]thin sixe monethes next after my decease. Item
10 I will give & dispose of to the poore people of the p[ar]ishe of Westmersey afore-
11 said the full som[m]e of Sixe shillinges & Eighte pence of good & lawfull money
12 of England To bee paied unto them & distributed amongest them by my executor
13 at the assignement & appointment of the minister & churchwardens of the
14 said p[ar]ishe of Westmersey for the tyme beeinge w[i]thin one moneth next
15 after my decease. The Residue of all my goods Chattles Corne Cattle
16 plate jewells debt[or]s billes bondes readie moneyes howsehold & implements of
1 howsehold stuffe & all other thinges whatsoev[er] (hertofore not given) my deb[i]ts <...>
2 paied, my legacies, & funerall charges, paied, & discharged, & this my will proved
3 and p[er]formed (respectively) accordinge to my intent & true meaninge herin speacified
4 I give will & bequeath unto Christopher Pudney my sonne in lawe & to Grace
5 his wife & to their assignes for ev[er]. And I doe herby nominate ordeyne &
6 appointe him the said Christopher Pudney to bee sole executor of this my laste
7 will & testament. To paie my deb[i]tes & legacies, to discharge my funerall &
8 to prove & p[er]forme this my will. hopeinge that hee will Carfully & conscionablie doe
9 & p[er]forme the same (respectivelie) Accordinge to the trust I have reposed in him
10 In witness wherof I have to this my last will & testament (Revokeinge herby
11 all former wills & testament[es] by mee heretofore ordeyned or made) Conteyninge sixe
12 sheetes of paper in number have to the laiebend afixeinge the said sheetes together sett
13 my seale : And to ev[er]y sheete therof sett my marke the daie & yeere in the firste
14 sheete menc[i]oned <.> and published declared & deliv[er]ed this to bee my last will &
15 testament In the p[re]sence of William Stebbinge th[e]elder William Stebbinge
16 the younger & William Cockerell. /
18 William Stebbinge George Hall
19 th[e]elder his m[ar]ke his m[ar]ke
20 William Stebbing Jun[ior]
21 William Cockerell
MODERN ENGLISH TRANSLATION
Translated by Trevor Hearn 9th February 2021
In the name of God, Amen. 25th March 1636, in the eleventh year of the reign of our sovereign lord Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland; Defender of the faith etc.
I, George Hall of West Mersea in the county of Essex, yeoman, being of sound mind and perfect memory (thanks be to God) do ordain and make this my last will and testament in manner and form following:
Firstly, I commend my soul to God (who gave it) and I commit my body to the earth (from which it came) in a decent Christian burial, at the discretion of my hereafter-named executor, when it shall please God to call me from this mortal life. In terms of my personal estate and earthly goods (which God has lent and bestowed upon me), I will, give, bequeath and dispose of them as follows.
I will and bequeath to my loving wife, Elizabeth, the sum of five pounds of lawful English money to be paid to her or her assignees within six months after my death. I also bequeath and give to her all those goods, chattels, cattle, household implements and other household items which belonged to her before our marriage, and which remain in my possession at the time of my death. These goods are to be delivered to her, or her assignees, within one month after my death.
I give and bequeath to my daughter, Elizabeth Potts, the sum of twenty shillings per annum to be paid to her or her assignees for a term of ten years. Such payments are to be made in amounts of ten shillings half-yearly commencing six months after the commencement of a full year following my death.
I will and give to my grandchildren Thomas Potts and George Potts (the sons of my daughter Elizabeth Potts) the sum of ten pounds apiece upon each of them attaining the age of twenty-one. Should either Thomas or George die before attaining the age of twenty-one then the survivor shall additionally be paid the ten pounds that would have been due to the deceased, the recipient to enjoy such payment in as full and ample manner as had been by the deceased. If both Thomas and George should die before attaining the age of twenty-one then the total payment of twenty pounds due shall be divided into equal parts and paid to the surviving children or child of Elizabeth as at that time. Should there be no children or child living at that time then the said sum of twenty pounds shall be paid to my daughter Elizabeth for her use, benefit and advantage, such sum to be paid to her or her assignees by my hereafter-named executor within one year after the death of Thomas and George Potts, whichever shall occur later.
I give and bequeath to my daughter Margaret Wilcock for a period of ten years from and after my death, the sum of twenty shillings, such amount to be paid in semi-annual payments of ten shillings commencing at the end of the first six month period after the commencement of a full year from my decease.
I give and bequeath to my grandchild Thomas Wilcock (the son of my said daughter Margaret) the sum of ten pounds to be paid to him upon attaining the age of twenty-one. Should Thomas die before attaining such age then such sum of ten pounds is to be equally divided and paid to the surviving children or child at the time of my said daughter Margaret Wilcock. If, however, there are no surviving children or child at the
time of the death of Thomas Wilcock, then my will is that such payment of ten pounds shall be made to my daughter Margaret Wilcock or her assignees within one year after the death of her son Thomas.
I give and bequeath to my grandchildren, Daniel Pudney, Joseph Pudney and Jeremiah Pudney, the sons of my daughter Grace Pudney, the sum of ten pounds each. Such payments are to be made to each child upon his attaining the age of twenty-one. Should any of Daniel, Joseph or Jeremiah die before attaining the age of twenty-one, then the survivors are to additionally receive the amount that should have been paid to the deceased, such sum to be divided equally among the survivors.
I give and bequeath to my daughter Grace Pudney the sum of five pounds to be paid to her or her assignees within six months after my death.
I give and desire to be dispersed to the poor of the parish of West Mersea the sum of six shillings and eight pence. Such sum is to be paid and distributed by my executor within one month after my death to them as assigned and appointed by the minister and church wardens for the time being of the said parish of West Mersea.
I give and bequeath to my son-in-law Christopher Pudney and to his wife Grace, my daughter, or to their assignees, forever, the remaining goods, chattels, corn, cattle, plate, jewels, sums due from debtors, bills, bonds, petty cash, household implements and items and all other things not bequeathed following payment of my debts, legacies, funeral expenses and the proving of this, my will, according to my instructions. I hereby appoint the said Christopher Pudney to be the sole executor of this my last will and testament and to settle my debts, legacies, funeral expenses and to arrange for my will to be proved as mentioned above. I hope that he will carefully and conscientiously do and perform the same according to the trust which I have reposed in him.
In witness whereof I (revoking all former wills and testaments ordained or made by me) have set my seal to the band affixing together the six sheets comprising this will and have set my mark to each sheet on the day and year first above written. I declare this to be my last will and testament in the presence of William Stebbing senior, Willaim Stebbing junior and William Cockerell.
William Stebbing senior (his mark) George Hall (his mark)
William Stebbing junior