ID MARG_329_011

TitleEast Mersea Book: Works and Customs 1518/9
Abstract

East Mersea Book: Works and Customs 1518/9 transcribed from Essex Record Office. Document D/DRc M12 (f. 67 5.)

Transcriber by Trevor Hearn 25th November 2020

1Estm[er]sey
2A[nn]o. H. 8. 10 /
[Marginal Note]     Revee [Reeve?]
ther ar. 37. Tenants w[hi]ch ware sumetyme Chardged w[i]th works and Customs ut infra [as below] &tc:
3It[e]m : pr[esents] that ther ar xvij Tenant[es] custom[er]ie w[hi]ch ar
4chardged w[i]th gatheringe the Rent[es] of the Lord ther,
5And also w[i]th dyvers works and Customes of Anticquitie
6ther used : &c / notwithstandinge dyvers Tene[men]t[es] of the
7sayd xvij Tenants ar now exempt and exonerated
8of Collectinge the Rents & of works & Custom[e]s aforsayd
9By the payinge yearly - iijs viijd besyde the Rent[es]
10yearly ther dewe by auntiante \Contynewance/ Custom[e] therof & ther had
11and used ect : videlizet [Note 1]
12Ostenc[io] [?] Copia[rum] [?]
13Thomas Broman acknowlidgeth him self to hould by Copie of
14Cou[er]te one meseuage & v acr[e]s of Land costom[er]ie w[it]h thapu[er]t[e]n[an]c[e]s
15 Monnd[es]called Mounds; & Rent[es] by year for evrie Acre - iiijd
16And rents by year for works & customs therof of Late due - ijs 8d
17and rent[es] by year for Collectinge the Lords Rents ther
18of Late Likewise due - xijd Sum[m]e to[ta]ll of the rents
19by yeare with the works & Customs aforsayd ____________vs iiijd
20It[e]m the same Tho: houldeth by Copie of Cou[er]t Roul one mesuage
21 Ward[es]and viij acris of Lond costom[erie] called Werd[es] and rents by year
22of rent for ev[er]ie acre - iiijd And for Work[es] & Customs and
23Collec[t] the Lords rent[es] as aforsayd, - iijs viijd Sum[m]e totall
24of rent[es] by year __________________________________ vjs iiijd
25 Bromans[e]m the same Thomas houldeth by Copie of Cou[er]te one Tenement
26and xiiij acris of Land Cust[o]m[er]ie called Bromans & Rent[es]
27by year for ev[er]ie acre - iiijd & rents by year for works & costoms
28____ijs_ viijd . & renteth by year for collectinge the Lords rents
29____xijd. Sum[m]e tot[all] of Rents by year w[i]th work[es] & costoms :
30___________________________________________________ viijs iiijd
31 WorkesIt[e]m the same Thomas houldeth by Copie of Cou[er]te one Tenement
32and xxv a[c]res of Lond Costom[er]ie & he[r]ettab[le] called Rauf m[er]tills

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33 Raufand renteth by year for ev[er]ie acre - vijd And doth his works
34 MartllsAnd Costoms. & is Reve / &c as Followeth in thes Lattin words
35 ReveEt fas op[er]ib[us] & cou' indel't in falcand[um] una[m] acr[um] & dim Fri'
36 [perti[nen]sses [?]iij rod aven[arum] & runcand[um] p[er] duos dies ante nona[m] &
37 M[er]tyllsadiunand ad lavand[um] & tond[e]nd[um] oves diu

Note 1 This is probably "videlicet" which is translated as "that is to say"


East Mersea Book: Works and Customs

Modern English Translation by Trevor Hearn

East Mersea
1518/19 AD [Note 1]
[Marginal Notes]     Reeve Hall. There are 37 tenants that were at some point charged with works and customs; see below
Item: Firstly, that there are 37 customary tenants charged with collecting rent due to the Lord of the Manor and undertaking various established works and customs [Note 2].
Notwithstanding that various tenements leased to the said 37 tenants are exempt from collecting rent and performing the said customary work, by payment of an annual sum of 3 shillings and 8 pence, in addition to their annual rent,is due in respect of continuing ancient customs; that is to say:
      Copy as Follows [?]
MoundsThomas Broman acknowledges that he holds by copy of the court roll one messuage [Note 3] and 5 acres of customary lands with appurtenances called Mounds, at an annual rent of 4 pence per acre.
Annual payment for works and customs previously due 2 shillings and 8 pence. Total annual payment: 5 shillings 4 pence.
WardesItem: Thomas Broman also holds by copy of the court roll one messuage and 8 acres of customary land called Wardes. Annual rent per acre is 4 pence; he also pays for exemption from works and customs, and collecting the Lord's rents (as above), 3 shillings and 8 pence.
Total annual payment: 6 shillings 4 pence
BromansItem: Thomas Broman holds by copy of the court roll one tenement and 14 acres of customary land called Bromans. Annual rent per acre is 4 pence; annual payment for works and customs - 2 shillings and 8 pence; annual rent - 12 pence.
Total annual payment: 8 shillings 4 pence.
WorksItem: Thomas Broman holds by copy of the court roll one tenement and 25 acres of

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Ralf Martylls
Reeve
customary, heritable, land called Ralf Martylls; annual payment per acre is 7 pence. He is appointed Reeve [Note 4] and also undertakes works and customs as follows: He has the obligation of permanent works and customs in scything one acre and a half, sowing [?] 3 rods of oats and weeding for 2 days before noon, and collecting [?], washing and shearing sheep for a day.

Note 1 This is the tenth year of the reign of King Henry VIII; the exact year is not known as the month this document was dated is not specified.
Note 2 the recorded customs detailing conditions of tenure and the services to be rendered by tenants to the Lord of the Manor
Note 3 dwelling house and associated lands
Note 4 manorial or communal officer, often elected from customary tenants, and usually concerned with the management of open fields and commons.

Published1518/9
SourceMersea Museum
IDMARG_329_011