ID: MARG_514

TitleWill of George Frere, Merchant, of the City of London, 1655
AbstractWill of George Frere, merchant, of the City of London dated 20th September 1655 transcribed from National Archives document PROB 11/250/666. Transcription of the will.

Transcription, abstract etc by Trevor Hearn (December 2022)

Abstract

George Frere, Merchant, of the City of London
Date of will: 20th September 1655
Date of death: 25th October 1655
Date of Probate: 22nd November 1655

George Frere declares this to be his last will and testament, committing his soul to God, his Creator, Redeemer and Sanctifier, and hoping and believing through the merits of the death and passion of Jesus Christ to obtain pardon for all his sins and to enjoy eternal happiness in Heaven.

He commits his body to be buried in the Parish Church of Fingringhoe (St Andrews) in the north-east end of the chancel and for a large stone to be placed upon his grave bearing his name, his father's name and his place of birth (Wickhamskeith in Suffolk) within 3 months after his decease.

All outstanding debts are to be paid within a convenient time and he leaves £150 to cover the costs of his funeral.

Bequests
Bequests for funeral clothes and mourning
To his wife, Blanche, and her family £50; William Frere, brother, £6.13s.4d; Margaret, sister, £6; Johan (Joanne) Frere and Marie Frere, nieces, £5 each; George Frere, cousin, £5; John Goddard (brother-in-law) and his wife and children £20; John Frere, cousin, and his children £10; Barnes, sister, £5; Christopher Nettleship (brother-in-law) and his wife (sister to George Frere) £10; Thomas Frere (brother-in-law), sea chandler, and his children £10; Ann Harrington, cousin, £5; Bridget Frere, cousin, £5.

Charitable bequests
£10 to the poor of the Parish of Wickhamskeith, Suffolk to be distributed at the discretion of his cousin Edmund Harvey, his cousin John Frere of Finningham and his brother-in-law John Goddard of Wickhamskeith.
£10 to the poor of the Parish of Fingringhoe to be distributed at the discretion of the current Churchwardens.
£5 to the poor of the Parish of Wanstead, Essex to be distributed at the discretion of his wife Blanche.

Bequest in the event of the pregnancy of his wife Blanche
In the event of Blanche being with child during the term of the natural life of George Frere and such child attains the age of 21 years then the residue of the personal estate, other than the annuities bequeathed as described below, are to be divided equally between Blanche and the said child. George also bequeaths to his wife Blanche the manors of Peete and Fingringhoe, together with the parsonage of Fingringhoe and all rights, royalties, appurtenances, lands, tenements, meadows, feeding pastures and hereditaments pertaining thereto, such bequest to be for the education and maintenance of the said child the age of 21 (if a son) or (if a daughter) the age of 21 or date of marriage (which ever occurs first). During the minority of the said child Blanche is to arrange for his education (if a son) and for him to be brought up at University; she is to be allowed the sum of £40 annually for his maintenance until he attains the age of 14, and then the sum of £60 annually until he attains the age of 21. If the child is a daughter, Blanche is to be allowed the sum of £30 annually for her education until she attains the age of 21 or be married, whichever occurs first. The annual allowances are to be taken from the rents and profits of the said manors, tenements and hereditamants by Blanche and she is to be accountable for the residue of the rents and profits when the child shall attain the age of 21 or be married as aforesaid.
Blanche and the said child are to pay the sum of £10 annually to each of William Frere (brother), and his sisters Barnes and Nettleship, such funds coming from the personal estate of George and payable in equal amounts on 25th March (Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary), 24th June (Feast of John the Baptist), 29th September (Feast of St Michael the Archangel) and 25th December (the birth of Jesus Christ). The first payment to be made on the date of the feast next occurring after the death of George or within 21 days next after such feast to such siblings as are then still alive. Such sums are to continue for the natural lives of William and the 2 sisters.

Blanche is be appointed sole executrix in the event of the above.

If Blanche is not with child during the natural life of George, then his will and testament is amended as follows: the outstanding debts are to be paid and the bequests in respect of mourning shall be satisfied. All other bequests as detailed above are void (except for the bequests to the poor) and replaced with the following:

Property and personal estate bequests
To Blanche Frere (wife):
1. the lease, estate, interest and residual term of about 29 years in the messuages and tenements in the parish of Bennett Finck (St Benet Fink [Note 1] in London) which is let by the late Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral.
2. the lease, estate, interest and residual term of years in the messuages or tenement with the appurtenances in Bishopsgate in the parish of St Helens (let by Abraham and Sarah Wraxhall) for the rest of Blanche's natural life.
3. all unbequeathed items of the following: the household items of George Frere, chattells, plate, brass, pewter, linen, woollens, bedding, rings and jewells; the coach and 2 geldings. The wearing apparel (silk, woollen and linen) are not included as this is bequeathed to George's brother William Frere.
4. the sum of £250; one debt of £250 owed by Master Gowin Painter resident in the Canary Islands; one half-part of all ready money debts and sums of money and personal estate unbequeathed and due and unpaid to George Frere at the time of his decease, having first deducted the funeral charges. Should Blanche claim any thirds or half of the personal estate by custom of the City of London other than what has been bequeathed under this will, or should she claim any thirds, dower, right or title of dower in and to all the freehold manors, messuages, lands, tenements or hereditaments, or if she shall refuse upon request to release her thirds dower, right or title of dower of, in and to all the freehold and copyhold properties or any part thereof as advised by Counsel, or if she or her executors or administrators shall fail to pay William Frere or his assigns the yearly sum of £30 on the appointed dates as set out in this will, or pay the yearly sum of £20 to the sister Anne Nettleton as set out above, then the legacies and gifts bequeathed to Blanche as set out above shall be void and of no effect. In such case the several leases and all the estate interest and unexpired term of years in such properties are bequeathed to John Goddard, cousin to George Frere, and Blanche to seek relief by the custom of the City of London.

Further Charitable bequest
The sum of 52s. is bequeathed from the rents and profits of the manors of Peete and Fingringhoe to the churchwardens and their successors of the Parish of Fingringhoe with effect from the death of George Frere and payable on 24th June and 25th December annually in equal portions, such bequest to be used by the churchwardens to purchase and deliver one wheaten loaf every Sunday each year to each of six of the eldest of the poor people of the Parish of Fingringhoe. Authorisation granted to the churchwardens to enter the properties and distrain any unpaid amounts.

Bequests to Family
To Margaret Frere (sister): an annuity or annual rent charge of £20 from the estate of the manors of Peete and Fingringhoe (or either of them) payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal portions.

To Susan Dawson (sister): an annuity or annual rent charge of £20 from the estate as above payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal portions.

To Mirable Barnes (sister): an annuity or annual rent charge of £20 from the estate as above payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal portions.

To Joanne [Johan] Frere (wife of Thomas Frere, cousin of George): an annuity or annual rent charge of £20 from the estate as above payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal porions. The receipt of Joanne to be a sufficient discharge.

To Marie Frere (niece - daughter of John Frere, brother of George): an annuity or annual rent charge of £10 from the estate as above payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal portions. Her receipt to be a sufficient discharge.

Authorisation granted to enter the properties and distrain any unpaid amounts for any of the above annuities or yearly rent charges.

If Blanche loses any of the properties in the Parish of Bennett Fink in London through fire or other occurrence then each of the beneficiaries above shall contribute a proportion of their bequest to Blanch for the amount of her losses from the estate of the manors aforesaid.

To Blanche Frere (wife) and John Frere of Finningham (cousin) an annuity or annual rent charge of £22 from the estate as above payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal portions to be held in trust for John Barnes, son of Mirable Barnes (sister of George Frere) for a term of 7 years after the death of George Frere. Authorisation granted to enter the properties and distrain any unpaid amounts. Such annuity to be used to pay for the education of John Barnes for 2 years following the death of George Frere. After 2 years, Blanche and John are to pay £50 from the annuity for an apprenticeship for John Barnes. At the end of the apprenticeship, John is to be paid £100 by Blanche and John Frere. If John refuses to be educated or serve out his apprenticeship, or dies in the meantime, then this bequest to go to the children of Susan Dawson, sister of George Frere.

To John Goddard (son of John Goddard, brother-in-law to George Frere) the manors or Lordships of Peete and Fingringhoe with all their rights, districts, appurtenances, messuages, lands, tenements, meadows, feeding pastures, marshes and hereditaments charged with the annuities or yearly rent charges bequeathed above, to hold the aforementioned real estate together with all profits and rent issues of the same, from and immediately after the death of George Frere for a term of 23 years from the date of this will. All the annuities or yearly rent charges described above are to be paid form the rent issues and profits of this real estate upon the terms herein described except in the case of such loss occurring to Blanche as aforesaid in respect of her properties in Bennet Fink in London. The annuity or yearly rent charge of £20 due to Mirable Barnes is to be paid quarterly regardless of such loss. John Goddard shall procure that George Frere, nephew of the testator and son of Thomas and Joanne Frere, shall attend school and learn English, Latin, writing and arithmetic until he attains 16 years of age, subject to the consent and approval of Joanne Frere and John Frere of Finningham. A payment of £30 out of the rents, issues and profits of the manors aforesaid shall be paid for the maintenance and education of the said George Frere to make him fit for an apprenticeship to a merchant. When George Frere attains the age of 16, John Goddard shall pay from the rents, issues and profits of the manors the sum of £200 for such apprenticeship. Should George Frere not accept the advice of his mother and John Frere or take on the apprenticeship as aforesaid, then John Goddard is discharged of the trust above mentioned. If George Frere accepts the advice and apprenticeship, then upon attaining the age of 24 George is to receive the manors of Peete and Fingringhoe with all the appurtenances and lands aforesaid charged with the several annuities or yearly rent charges outlined above to be paid to John Frere of Finningham and the heirs of his body for distribution as described in this will, together with all rents, issues and profits received and not disbursed by John Goddard in the interim. In the event of the lack of issue of John Frere of Finningham, the manors, messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments are bequeathed to John Goddard, cousin, for ever, charged as aforesaid. £100 is bequeathed to John Goddard for his pains in administering the trusts outlined above.

To Penelope Goddard (sister-in-law): all the messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments both freehold and copyhold called Balls together with all other lands, tenements and hereditaments lying in Wickhamskeith, Suffolk previously conveyed and surrendered to the testator and his heirs by John Goddard, husband of Penelope, for the term of her natural life.

To John Goddard (brother-in-law): an annuity or yearly rent charge of £8 from the freehold and copyhold messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments lying in Wickhamskeith payable immediately after the death of his wife Penelope (sister of the testator) if he shall then still be living, payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal amounts. Authorisation granted to enter the properties and distrain any unpaid amounts for any of the above annuities or yearly rent charges.

To George Goddard (son of John Goddard): an annuity or yearly rent charge of £10 from the freehold and copyhold messuages, lands and tenements lying in Wichamskeith payable on 24th June and 25th December in equal amounts, payable after the death of Penelope Goddard for the term of his natural life. Authorisation granted to enter the properties and distrain any unpaid amounts for any of the above annuities or yearly rent charges.

To Thomas Frere (nephew and son of John Frere, brother of testator) £5.

To Elizabeth Jackson (cousin and daughter of John Frere, brother of testator) £100.

To Edmund Goddard (son of John Goddard, brother-in-law of testator) £50, payable to Edmund's father within 1 year of the decease of the testator.

To Robert Goddard (son of John Goddard, as above) £50, payable to Robert's father within 1 year of the decease of the testator.
This and the previous bequest of £50 to be invested by the father John Goddard at 6% and the benefit to be saved for placing the 2 sons on apprenticeships. Payment to be made when each son attains 24 years of age.

To Susan Goddard (daughter of John Goddard, as above) £50 to be paid to her father who shall invest such sums at 6%, the interest to be given to Susan for her maintenance and the capital sum when she shall attain the age of 21 or on her marriage, whichever occurs first.

To Thomas Dawson (son of Susan Dawson, sister of testator) £50.

To John Dawson (son of Susan Dawson as above) 40s.

To Anne Dawson (daughter of Susan Dawson, as above) £50 to be paid to her father who shall invest such sum at 6% interest, to be compounded and paid with the capital when she accomplishes the age of 21 or on her marriage, whichever occurs first.

To George Dawson (son of Susan Dawson and godson of the testator) £50 to be paid to his father for investment at 6% interest, to be compounded for putting George into a good trade, the capital sum to be paid when George has attained the age of 24.

To Henry Dawson (son of Susan Dawson, as above) £50 to be paid to his father for investment at 6% interest, to be compounded for putting George into a good trade, the capital sum to be paid when George has attained the age of 24.

To Bridget Frere (cousin to the testator) £100.

John Goddard is forgiven the rent he owes the testator for the land called Balls.

To Hays (widow and sister) £10.

Other bequests
To the executors all the quit rents, monies and fines due from the freehold and copyhold tenants of the manors of Peete and Fingringhoe for the completion of the buildings adjoining the manor of Fingringhoe.

To Master Henry Potter, friend, £5.

To Francis Heath, 40s. for a ring to be made.

To Helen Robinson (servant to testator) 40s.

Anne Harrington (cousin) 50s. for a ring to be made.

The residue of the personal estate following payment of all outstanding debts and funeral charges to be bequeathed to Blanche Frere who is appointed sole executrix

John Frere of Finningham, John Page of London, merchant, and William Richbell, scrivener, are appointed overseers of the will and are each bequeathed £5.

Codicil dated 21st September 1665

William Frere (brother of testator) and Joanne Frere (wife of Thomas Frere) are to have and enjoy the new building adjoining the manor house of Fingringhoe together with the orchard and garden of the same new building and 10 acres of ground adjacent to the new building for their habitation and dwelling, and the keeping of cattle thereon, until George Frere shall attain the age of 23. William Frere to maintain the woods of the said manors and assisting John Goddard (if required) to collect the fines and quit rents of the manors of Peete and Fingringhoe. William Frere and Joanne Frere to be allowed 10 loads of firewood from the woods annually to be expended on the premises and not sold. One bald mare bequeathed to William Frere and Joanne Frere.

Will and codicil proved in London on 22nd November 1655.

Transcription of the will

Page 1
1   (In the top right-hand corner) London & Midd:
2             November 1655
 
3   In the name of God Amen
4   the Twentith Day of September in the Yeare of our Lord God One
5   Thousand Six hundred fiftie and five I George Frere of the
6   Cittie of London Marchant being att this present weake in bodie
7   but of sound and perfect minde and memorie for which I praise
8   the Everliveing God Considering the Certaintie of death and the
9   uncertaintie of the time thereof doe \now/ make and declare this my present
10   last Will and Testament in manner and forme following (That is to
11   say[)] First I Committ my Soule to God my Creatour Redeemer and Sanctifyer
12   hopeing and assuredlie beleeveing through the only merritts of the death
13   and passion of the Lord Jesus Christ to obtaine the pardon of all my sinnes
14   and to inioy eternall happines in heaven my Bodie I Committ to the Earth
15   to be buried in the Parish Church of Fingrinho in the Countie of Essex in the
16   Chancell there and in the North east end of the same Chancell and my
17   Will is That a Large stone shall be layd upon my Grave whereupon shall
18   be ingraven my name and my Fathers and the place where I was borne
19   (vizt) [Note 2] att Wickhamskeyth in the Countie of Suff[olk] which I will shall be done
20   within three monthes after my decease att the furthest And as Concer-
21   ning the Temporall Estate whereof God in mercie hath made me steward
22   I dispose thereof as Followeth I will That all such debts as I shall owe att
23   the Time of my decease shall be duely paid within Convenient time
24   after my death And I will and appoynt for the Charges of my funerall
25   the summe of one hundred and fiftie poundes Item I give for mourning
26   unto my Wife for her selfe and her familie fiftie pounds Item I give
27   unto my Brother William Frere for mourning six poundes Thirteene
28   shillings and fower pence Item I give and bequeath unto my Sister
29   Margarett for mourning the summe of six poundes Item I give and
30   bequeath unto my Two Neeces Johan Frere and Marie Frere for mour-
31   ning five pounds a peece Item I give unto my Cousin George Frere for mour-
32   ning five pounds Item I give unto my Brother in Lawe John Goddard
33   and to his Wife and Children for mourning the summe of Twentie
34   poundes Item I give to my Cousin John Frere and his Children for mour-
35   ning the summe of Tenne poundes Item I give to my Sister Barnes for
36   mourning the summe of five poundes Item I give to my Brother in Law
37   Christopher Nettleshipp and his Wife my Sister Tenne poundes for mour-
38   ning Item I give to my Brother in Lawe Thomas Frere Sea chaundler
39   and to his Children the summe of Tenn pounds for mourning Item I give
40   unto my Cousin Ann Harrington for mourning the summe of five poundes
41   Item I give and bequeath unto my Cousin Bridgett Frere now dwelling
42   with me the summe of five poundes for mourning It[em] I give and bequeath
43   to the poore People of the Parish of Wickhamskeith in the Countie of Suff[olk]
44   the summe of Tenne poundes of Lawfull monie of England to be distribu-
45   ted amongst the same poore people att the discretion of Master Edmund
46   Harvey my Couzen my Couzen \John/ Frere of Finningham and of my brother
47   John Goddard of Wickhamskeith aforesaid Item I give and bequeath unto
48   the poore People of the Parish of Fingrinho in the Countie of Essex the
49   summe of Tenne poundes of like money to be distributed amongst the same
50   poore People att the discretion of the Churchwardens of the same Parish
51   for the Time being Item I give to the poore People of the Parish of
52   Wansted in the Countie of Essex the summe of five poundes of Lawfull
53   monie of England to be distributed amongst the same poore People att the
54   discretion of my Wife And if it shall happen Blanch my Wife att anie
55   time during my naturall life to be with Child And that such Child shall
56           happen

Page 2

1   happen to live to accomplish the age of one and twentie yeares Then I
2   give and bequeath all the rest and residue of my personall Estate
3   other then the annuities or yearely summes next hereafter mentioned
4   unto my said Wife and to such Child as a foresaid equallie betweene
5   them to be devided And Then also I give and bequeath my Mannor
6   or Lordshipp of Fingrinho and my Mannor of Peet in the Countie of
7   Suff[olk] [Note 3] and either of them with all and singular theire and either of
8   Theire Rights Royalties and Appurtenances whatsoever and the
9   Parsonage of Fingrinho aforesaid And all my Lands Tenements
10   Meadowes Feeding Pastures and Hereditaments whatsoever to the
11   said Mannors and Parsonage or anie of them belonging or appertaining
12   unto the said Blanch my Wife for the education and maintenance and
13   better preferment of such Child as aforesaid during and untill such
14   Time as the said Child shall accomplish the age of one and twentie
15   yeares if a Sonne And if a Daughter Then during and untill such
16   Time as she shall accomplish the age of one and Twentie yeares or
17   be married which shall first happen she my said Wife during the
18   minoritie of the same Child Causing him (if a sonne) to be educated
19   in Learning and brought upp att the Universitie she shall be alowed
20   for his maintenance untill he shall accomplish the age of fourteene
21   yeares fortie poundes Sterling per Annum and after he shall accom-
22   plish the age of fowerteene yeares she shall be allowed Threescore
23   pounds Sterling per Annum for his maintenance untill he shall
24   accomplish the said age of one and Twentie yeares And if such
25   Child shall be a Daughter my Wife shall be allowed Thirtie pound[es]
26   Sterling per Annum for the education of the same Daughter untill
27   she accomplish the age of one and Twentie yeares or be married
28   which shall first happen The said Yearely allowance for such
29   Child as aforesaid to be taken out of the rents and proffitts of the
30   said Mannors Lands Tenements and Hereditaments by my said
31   Wife for the maintenance of such Child as a foresaid and she to
32   be accomptable for the residue of the rents yssues and proffitts of
33   the Premises when such Child shall accomplish such age or be mar-
34   ried as a foresaid according to my true meaning herein before
35   expressed And then I give and bequeath and will That my said
36   Wife and such Child as aforesaid shall well and truly paie or cause
37   to be paid out of my personall Estate severallie unto my Brother William
38   Frere and to my Sister Barnes and my Sister Nettleshipp I say to the
39   hands of my said Two Sisters last named and not to theire or either of
40   theire husbands severall annuities or yearelie summes of Tenne poundes
41   a peice of Lawfull money of England att fower Feasts or Tearmes of the
42   Yeares That is to say Att the Feast of the nativitie of Saint John
43   Baptist Saint Michaell Tharch Angell The birth of our Lord God and
44   Thannunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary within Twentie one
45   Dayes next ensueing every of the same Feasts The first payment
46   thereof to beginn and be made att such of the same feasts as shall
47   first and next happen after my decease or within one and twentie dayes
48   next after the same Feast To soe manie of them my said Brother
49   and Sisters as shall be then Liveing And my said Sisters receipt
50   for theire said annuities or yearly summes or anie part thereof
51   shall be a sufficient discharge for the same To my said Wife or Child
52   whoe shall paie the same which said severall annuities or yearelie
53   summes and every of them shall be paid as aforesaid during the
54   naturall life of my said Brother and Sisters aforenamed And
55           every

Page 3

1   every of them severally and respectively And of this my last Will
2   herein before specified I make and ordaine the said Blanch my Loveing
3   Wife full and sole Executrix but if my said Wife shall not \at/ anie time
4   during my naturall life happen to be with Child Then I declare this my
5   last Will and Testament in manner and forme following (That is to
6   say) I will That as well my debts duely owing att my decease as
7   the Legacies for mourning her\e/in before given and bequeathed shall
8   be satisfyed and all other Legacies and bequests herein before bequeathed
9   (except the Guifts and bequests to the poore) shall be utterly voyd and
10   of none effect And I give and bequeath to the said blanch my Wife
11   upon and under the Provisoe or Condition hereunder mentioned all my
12   Lease Estate interest and Tearme of yeares to Come of and in all those
13   Messuages or Tenements scituate and being in the Parish of Bennett
14   Finck in London and which heretofore were graunted or letten by the
15   Late \Deane/ and Chapter of Paules in London and wherein there are about
16   Twenty and nine yeares now to Come and unexpired And also all
17   my Lease Estate interest and Tearme of yeares to Come of and in all
18   That Messuage or Tenement with the Appurtenances wherein I some
19   time dwelled scituate and being in Bushopps Gate Streete in the
20   Parish of Saint Hellins in London heretofore Letten by Abraham
21   Wraxhall and Sarah his Wife for Tearme of her naturall life and
22   I further give and bequeath unto my said Loveing Wife Blanch Frere
23   to her owne Propper use and behoofe upon and under the Provisoe or
24   Conditione hereafter mentioned All my household stuffe goods Chattells
25   plate brasse Pewter Linnen Woollen Bedding Rings and Jewells what-
26   soever herein not bequeathed to anie other person or persons And my
27   Coach and Two Geldings except all and all manner of my wearing
28   Apparrell silke woollen and Linnen which said wearing apparrell
29   I wholie give and bequeath to my Brother William Frere And more
30   over I give and bequeath unto the said Blanch my Wife to her owne
31   propper use and behoofe upon and under the summe of Two hundred
32   and fifty poundes of Lawfull monie of England and \the Condic[i]on hereafter menc[i]oned/
33   one debt of Two hundred and fiftie poundes or
34   thereabout to me owing by Master Gowin Painter liveing in the Canaryes
35   and also the one moyetie or halfe part of all my readie monie debts
36   and summes of money and Personall Estate whatsoever not herein before
37   given or bequeathed unto her and such shall be due owing or belong-
38   ing unto me att the Time of my decease my debts and funerall
39   Charges being first deducted and allowed Provided alwaies That if
40   the said Blaunch my Wife shall Clayme or demaund anie Third[es]
41   or moyetie of or in my personall Estate by the Custome of the Cittie
42   of London other than what I have herein before given and bequeathed
43   unto her or shall Clayme anie Thirdes or Dower or Right or Title of
44   Dower of in or to anie my Coppiehould or Freehoulds Mannors Messuages
45   Lands Tenements or Hereditaments or if she shall refuse upon request
46   therefore made to make such Release of her Thirds Dower right or
47   Title of Dower of in and to all my Freehould and Coppie hould Mes-
48   suages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments and every or anie of them
49   or anie parte or parcell thereof as by Councell Learned shall be
50   devised or advised and required or if the said Blanch my Wife her
51   Executors or Administrators shall not during the naturall life of my
52   brother William Frere well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto
53   the said William Frere my Brother or his Assignes one yearelie sum[m]e
54           of

Page 4

1   of Thirtie poundes of Lawfull monie of England att fower Feasts or
2   Tearmes of the yeare (That is to say) att the Feast of Thannunciation
3   of the blessed Virgin Marie The nativitie of Saint John Baptist
4   Saint Michaell the Archangell and the byrth of our Lord God or
5   within one and Twentie dayes next ensueing every of the same
6   Feasts by even and equall portions att the now dwelling house of Misteris
7   [blank] Mantle scituate in the Parish of Bennett Finck in London afors[ai]d
8   The first payment thereof to beginn and be made att such of the same
9   Feasts as shall first and next happen after my decease or within one
10   and Twenty dayes next ensueing the same Feasts if the said William
11   Frere shall be then Liveing or if the said Blanch my Wife her Execu-
12   tors or Administrators doe not or shall not during the naturall life
13   of my Sister Anne Nettleton well and trulie pay or cause to be paid
14   To the said Anne Nettleton one yearelie summe of Twentie poundes of
15   Lawfull monie of England att Fower Feasts or Tearmes of the yeare That
16   is to say att the Feast of the annunciation of the blessed Virgin Marie
17   The nativitie of Saint John Baptist Saint Michaell the Arch Angell
18   and the birth of our Lord God or within one and Twentie dayes next
19   ensueing every of the same Feasts by even and equall portions att the now
20   dwelling house of the said Mistris Mantle in the Parish of Bennett Finck
21   aforesaid The first payment thereof to beginne and be made att such of
22   the same Feasts as shall first and next happen after my decease or within
23   one and Twentie dayes next after the same Feasts if my Sister
24   Anne Nettleton shall be then Liveing the same yearely summe of
25   Twenty poundes to be paid in to the hands of my said Sister Anne
26   Nettleton and not into the hands of her husband and my said Sisters
27   receipt shall be a sufficient discharge to my said Wife for her Executors
28   and Administrators for the same That then all and every the Legacies
29   and Guifts herein before given and bequeathed to my said Wife
30   shall be utterly void and of none effect And Then I give the severall
31   Leases a foresaid and all my Estate interest and Tearme of yeares
32   of and in the same and the same severall Messuages or Tenements
33   Thereby respectively demised unto my Cousin John Goddard he his
34   Executors and Administrators paying the said severall Annuities
35   of Thirtie poundes and Twentie poundes herein before mentioned
36   according to my true meaning herein before expressed And then I Leave
37   my Wife to releive herselfe by the Custome of the Cittie of London And
38   otherwise And whereas I did hereto fore purchase to me and my heires
39   the Mannor or Lor[d]shipp of Peete with all the Rights Members and
40   Appurtenances thereof in the Countie of Essex And alsoe the
41   Mannor of Fingrinho with all the Rights members and Appurtenances
42   thereof in the said Countie of Essex and the Advousion Donation and
43   right of Patronage of the Parish Church of Fingrinho a foresaid I doe
44   hereby give graunt and Confirme unto the Church Wardens of
45   Fingrinho afore said and theire Successors for ever Churchwardens
46   of the same Parish one annuitie or yearely rent Charge of fiftie & Two
47   shillings of Lawfull monie of England to be yssuing and payable
48   and yearely to be had perceived and taken of in and upon all that the
49   said Mannor of Fingrinho and of in and upon all the Messuages
50   Lands Tenements and hereditament to the same Mannor belonging
51   or appertaining To have hold and yearly to receive perceive Take
52   and inioy the same annuitie or yearely Rent Charge of fiftie
53           And

Page 5

1   And Two shillings unto the said Church Wardens of the Parish of
2   Fingrinho aforesaid and theire successors forever from and immedi-
3   ately after my decease att the Two Feasts or Tearmes of the Yeare
4   That is to say att the Feast of the nativitie of Saint John Baptist and
5   the byrth of our Lord God or within fower and Twentie dayes next
6   after either of the same Feasts by even and equall portions The first
7   payment thereof to beginn and be made att such of the same Feasts as
8   shall first and next happen after my decease upon Trust and Confidence
9   neverthelesse and to the intent and purpose That the same Church
10   Wardens and theire successors for ever shall upon every Sabboth Day in
11   everie yeare yearely for ever deliver unto six of the most auncient of the
12   poore people of the said Parish of Fingrinho That is to say to every of the
13   same poore people one Two penny wheaten Loafe in the Chancell of the
14   Parish \Church/ of Fingrinho aforesaid And if it shall happen the said annuitie
15   or yearely Rent Charge of fiftie and two shillings or anie parcell or
16   parte thereof to be behind or unpaid in part or in all by the space of fower
17   and Twentie Dayes next over or after either of the said Feast Dayes
18   herein before Limited for the payment thereof That then and from
19   thenceforth and att all tymes after it shall and may be Lawfull to and
20   for the Church Wardens of the Parish Church of Fingrinho aforesaid
21   for the time being and theire Successors for ever into the said Mannor
22   or Lordshipp of Fingrinho Messuages Lands Tenements and heredita-
23   ments thereunto belonging and into every or any of them and every or
24   anie part or parcell thereof to enter and distraine [Note 4] and the distresseor
25   distresses [Note 5] Then and there had and taken to Lead beare drive Carrie
26   away impound detayne and keepe untill they or some of them of the
27   same annuitie or yearely Rent Charge of fifty and two shillings
28   and of every parte and parcell thereof soe behind and unpaid shall
29   be fully satisfyed Contented and paid Item I give graunt and Con-
30   firme unto my Sister Margrett Frere upon the Provisoe or Condition
31   next hereunder mentioned one Annuity or yearely rent Charge of
32   Twentie poundes of Lawfull monie of England to be yssueing and payable
33   yearely goeing out and to be had perceived and taken of in and upon
34   all the said Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho and of in and upon
35   all Messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever to
36   the same Mannors or either of them belonging or appertaining To
37   have hold Leavie receive take ans inioy the same annuitie or yearely
38   rent Charge of Twentie poundes unto the said Margaret Frere
39   my Sister from and after my decease for and during the Tearme
40   of her naturall life att the Feasts of the Nativitie of Saint John Baptist
41   and the byrth of our Lord God or within fower and Twentie dayes next
42   after either of the same Feasts att or in the now dwelling house of John
43   Goddard the Elder scituate in Wickmanskeyth in the Countie of Suffolk by
44   even and equall portions The First payment thereof to beginn and be
45   made att such of the same Feasts as shall First and next happen after
46   my decease or within fower and twenty dayes Then next ensueing if my
47   said Sister Margarett shall be then Liveing Item I give graunt and
48   Confirme unto my Sister Susan Dawson upon the Provisoe or Condition
49   next hereafter mentioned one annuitie or yearely rent Charge of
50   Twentie poundes of Lawfull monie of England to be yssueing payable
51   and yearely to be had perceaved and taken of in and upon all the said
52   Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho and of in and upon all Messuages
53   Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever To the same
54           Mannors

Page 6

1   or either of them belonging or appertaining To have hold Leavie
2   receive perceive take and inioy the same annuitie or yearely Rent
3   Charge of Twentie poundes unto the said Susan Dawson my Sister
4   from and after my decease for and during the Tearm of her naturall
5   life att the Feasts of the nativitie of Saint John Baptist and the byrth
6   of our Lord God or within fower and twentie dayes next after either of
7   the same Feasts by even and equall portions att or in the now dwelling
8   house of the said John Goddard The Elder scituate in Wickhamskeyth
9   aforesaid The first payment thereof to beginne and be made att such
10   of the same Feast as shall first and next happen after my decease or
11   within fower and Twenty Dayes then next ensueing if my said sister
12   Susan Dawson shall be then liveing the same Annuitie or yearely rent
13   Charge of Twenty poundes to be paid into the hands of my said Sister
14   Susan Dawson and not into the hands of her husband and her Receipt
15   shall be a sufficient discharge for the same Item I give graunt and
16   Confirme unto my Sister Mirable Barnes upon the Provisoe or Condition
17   next hereafter mentioned one Annuitie or yearelie Rent Charge of
18   Twentie poundes of Lawfull monie of England to be issueing payable
19   and goeing out and yearelie to be had and taken of in and upon all the
20   said Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho And of in and upon all Messu-
21   ages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever To the same
22   Mannors or either of them belonging or appertaining To have hold
23   Leavie receive perceive take and inioy The same Annuitie or Yearelie
24   rent Charge of Twentie poundes unto the said Mirable Barnes
25   my Sister from and after my decease for and during the Tearme of
26   her naturall life att the Feasts of the nativity of Saint John Baptist
27   and the birth of our Lord God or within four and Twentie dayes
28   next after either of the same Feasts by even and equall portions att
29   or in the now dwelling house of the said John Goddard the Elder scituate
30   in Wickhamskeyth a foresaid the first payment thereof to beginne and
31   be made att such of the same Feasts as shall first and next happen
32   after my decease or within fower and Twenty dayes then next ensue-
33   ing if the said Mirable my Sister shall be then Liveing Item I
34   give grant and Confirme unto my Cousin Joha[n] Frere Wife of my
35   Cousin Thomas Frere upon the Provisoe or Condition next hereunder
36   mentioned one Annuitie or yearely rent Charge of Twenty poundes
37   of Lawfull money of England to be yssueing payable goeing out and
38   yearely to be had perceaved and taken of in and upon All the said
39   Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho and of in and upon all Messuages
40   Lands Tenements and hereditaments whatsoever to the same Mannors
41   or either of them belonging or appertaining To have hold Leavey receave
42   perceave take and inioy the same Annuitie or yearely Rent Charge
43   of Twenty poundes unto the said Johan Frere my Cousin from and
44   after my decease for and during the Tearme of her naturall life att
45   the Feasts of the nativitie of Saint John Baptist and the byrth of our
46   Lord God or within fower and Twentie dayes next ensueing either of the
47   same Feasts by even and equall portions att or in the now dwelling
48   house of the said John Goddard the Elder scituate in Wickhamskeyth
49   aforesaid the First payment thereof to beginn and be made att such of
50   the said Feasts as shall first and next happen after my decease or within
51   fower and Twentie dayes then next ensueing if the said Joane Frere
52   shall be then Liveing to be paid into the hands of my said \Cousin/ Johan Frere
53   and not into the hands of her husband And her receipt shall be a sufficient
54           Discharge

Page 7

1   Discharge for the same And I doe here by for me and my heires give
2   graunt and Confirme unto Marie Frere Daughter of my said brother
3   John Frere upon the Provisoe or Condition next hereunder mentioned
4   one Annuitie or yearely Rent Charge of Tenne pounds of Lawfull
5   monie of England to be yssueing and payable and yearely to be had
6   perceaved and taken of in and upon all the said Mannors of Peete and
7   Fingrinho and of in and upon all Messuages Lands Tenements and
8   Hereditaments whatsoever to the same Mannors or either of them belong-
9   ing or appertaining To have hold Leavie receive perceave take and
10   inioy the same Annuitie or yearelie Rent Charge of Tenn poundes
11   unto the said Mary Frere from and after my decease for and during
12   the Tearme of her naturall life att the Feasts of the nativity of Saint John
13   Baptist and the birth of Our Lord God or within fower and Twenty daies
14   next ensueing either of the same Feasts by even and equall portions att or
15   in the now dwelling house of the said John Goddard thelder scituate in
16   Wickhamskeyth a foresaid the First payment thereof to beginn and be made
17   att such of the same Feasts as shall first and next happen after my decease
18   or within fower and twentie dayes then next ensueing if the said Mary
19   Frere shall be then liveing to be paid into the hands of the same Mary
20   Frere and to none other nor to her husband in Case she shall marrie
21   and her receipte though married shall be a sufficient discharge And
22   I doe hereby graunt for me and my heires unto every of the severall
23   portions a fore named [(] videlicet ) my Sister Margarett Frere my Sister
24   Susan Dawson my Sister Mirable Barnes and my Cousin Johan Frere
25   and Mary Frere To whome the said severall annuities or yearelie
26   Rent Charges of Twenty poundes, Twenty pounds, Twenty poundes
27   Tenn pounds [Note 6] and Tenn poundes are hereby graunted as a foresaid
28   That is if shall happen the same severall annuities or yearelie rent
29   Charges or anie of them or anie part or parcell of the same or any
30   of them to be behind and unpayd in part or in all by the space of
31   foure and Twentie dayes next over or after ether of the Feasts
32   aforesaid att which the same or anie of them are herein before limited
33   or ought to be paid being demaunded att the place herein before appoyn-
34   ted for the payment thereof That then and soe often and att all
35   times after it shall and may be Lawfull to and for everie & anie of
36   the same person and persons whose annuitie or annuities yearely
37   rent Charge or yearely rent Charges shall happen to be behind or
38   unpaid into the said Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho Messuages
39   Lands Tenements and hereditaments and every or anie of them or
40   anie part or parcell thereof to enter and distrayne and the distress and
41   distresses Then and there had and taken to Leade beare drive and
42   Carrie away and the same with her or them to detaine and keepe
43   untill she or they respectively of everie such Annuity or yearely Rent
44   Charge Annuities or yearely Rent Charges or anie parte thereof soe
45   being behind and unpaid shall be fullie satisfyed Contented and
46   paid Provided alwaies and my Will and meaning is neverthelesse
47   That if it shall happen by fyre or other Casualties that the said Blanch
48   my Loveing Wife shall not hould and inioy all the said Messuages
49   or Tenements scituate lying and being in the said Parish of Bennett
50   Finck in London during all the rest and residue now to Come and
51   unexpired of the Tearme of yeares which I now have in the same
52   And which shall be to Come att the tyme of my decease That then
53   all and everie the person and persons herein before named
54   To whome I have given or graunted the severall annuityes or
55           yearely

Page 8


1   yearely Rent Charges aforesaid out of the Mannors aforesaid of Peete
2   and Fingrinho shall abate a pro portionable parte of the severall annuities
3   To them severallie given or graunted as aforesaid ratabley according to the
4   Losse which my said Wife shall sustaine and Loose as a foresaid And
5   according to the said severall annuities or yearly rent Charges respectively
6   and the same abatements shall be paid unto the said Blanch my Wife
7   out of the said Mannors and the Lands Tenements and Hereditam[en]ts
8   thereunto belonging from thenceforth during her naturall life anie thing
9   in this my Will Contained to the Contrarie not with standing Item I give
10   and beque[ath] unto my Wife Blanch Frere and to my Cousin John Frere
11   of Finningham upon the Trusts hereafter named one Annuitie or yearly
12   rent Charge of Twentie and Two poundes of Lawfull monie of England
13   to be issueing and payable and yearelie to be had perceived and taken
14   of in and upon all the said Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho and of in
15   and uppon all the said Messuages Lands Tenements and hereditaments
16   whatsoever to the same Mannors or either of them belonging or appertai-
17   ning To have hould Leavie receive perceive take and inioy the same
18   Annuitie or yearely rent Charge of Twentie and Two poundes unto
19   my said Wife and to my said Cousin John Frere theire Executors and
20   Administrators from and after my decease for and during the Tearme
21   of Seaven Yeares from Thence next ensueing if John Barnes sonne of
22   my Sister Mirable Barnes shall soe long live att the Feasts of the
23   nativitie of Saint John Baptist and the byrth of our Lord God or within
24   Fower and Twentie dayes next ensueing either of the same Feastes
25   by even and equall portions the First payment thereof to beginne
26   and be made att such of the same Feasts as shall first and next
27   happen after my decease or within fower and Twentie dayes then next
28   ensueing if the said John Barnes shall be then liveing And if it shall
29   happen the said annuitie or yearelie Rent Charge of Twentie and
30   Two poundes or anie part or parcell thereof to be behinde or unpaid
31   in part or in all by the space of Fower & twenty dayes next over or after
32   either of the Feast Dayes herein before Limited for the payment thereof
33   That then and from thence forth it shall and may be Lawfull to
34   and for my said Wife and my said Cousin John John Frere or either
35   of them theire or either of theire Executors or Assignes into the said
36   Mannors Lands Tenements and Hereditaments or anie of them
37   or anie parte or parcell thereof To enter and distrayne and the distresse
38   or distresses Then and there had & taken To Lead beare drive and Carrie
39   away And the same with him her or them to detaine and keepe untill
40   he she or they of the same annuitie or yearely rent Charge of Twenty
41   and Two poundes and every parte or parcell thereof soe being behind
42   and unpaid shall be fully satisfyed Contented and paid Neverthelesse
43   They the said Blanch my wife and John Frere are to have and
44   receive The said Annuitie or yearelie rent Charge of Twentie
45   and Two poundes upon the trusts and Confidences and to the
46   intents and purposes hereafter mentioned expressed and declared
47   and to none other use intent or purpose [(]That is to say) upon Trust
48   and Confidence and to the intent and purpose That they the said
49   Blanch my Wife and John Frere theire Executors Administrators
50   and assignes or some of them shall satisfy pay and disburse out of the
51   annuitie or yearely rent Charge last aforesaid for the maintenance
52   and provision for the said John Barnes sonne of my said Sister
53   Mirable Barnes for and during two yeares next after my decease to
54   keepe him att Schoole That he may be fitted for an Apprentice the
55           som[m]e

Page 9

1 summe of Twentie and two poundes yearely And also upon trust and Confidence
2 That the said Blanch my Wife and John Frere shall att the ende of the said two
3 yeares satisfy and pay the summe of fifty poundes of Lawfull monie of England
4 for the placeing forth of the said John Barnes to be an An Apprentice And
5 upon further Trust and Confidence that if the said John Barnes
6 shall follow his Learning and be willing to be putt \to be/ an Apprentice according
7 to my intent and meaning herein expressed and shall well and trulie serve
8 out his Apprentishipp That then they the said Blanch my Wife and John
9 Frere shall pay or cause to be paid to the said John Barnes the summe of
10 one hundred poundes of like monie for his better preferment in the end of his
11 Apprentishipp but if the said John Barnes shall refuse to be educated as aforesaid
12 Contrarie to my advice or shall not serve out his Time of Apprentishipp as
13 aforesaid or shall happen to decease or depart this mortall life before he shall
14 have received what I have herein before given and appoynted to him Then
15 I give and bequeath all and whatsoever I have intended to him as
16 aforesaid to be given and disposed from and after the Time of his declining
17 from my advice and meaning herein expressed or from and after his decease
18 as aforesaid And I will the same to be given and paid unto and amongst
19 all the Children of my Sister Dawson then liveing equallie anie thing
20 herein Contained to the Contrarie notwithstanding Item I give and
21 bequeath unto my Cousin John Goddard sonne of my Brother in Lawe
22 John Goddard All those the said Mannors or Lordshipps of Peete and
23 Fingrinho in the Countie of Essex aforesaid with all theire Rights Memb[ers] [Note 7]
24 and Appurtenances and all Messuages Lands Tenements Meadowes
25 Feedings Pastures Marshes and Hereditaments whatsoever to the said
26 Mannors or Lordshipps or either of them in anie wise belonging or apper-
27 taining Charged with all and everie the severall annuities or yearelie
28 Rent Charges herein before graunted out of the same upon and under
29 the Conditions and provisees and to the intents and purposes herein
30 after mentioned and expressed To have and to hould the said Mannors
31 or Lordshipps Messuages Lands Tenements Hereditaments and
32 all other the Premisses with thappurtenances and the Rents issues and
33 Proffitts thereof unto the said John Goddard sonne of my said brother
34 John Goddard from and immediatelie after my decease for and during
35 the Tearme of Twentie and Three yeares to be accompted from the
36 day of the date of theise presents and for and during so long
37 Time of the same Tearme of Twentie and three yeares as att the
38 Time of my decease shall be to Come and unexpired nevertheless upon
39 Condition That the said John Goddard my Cousin or his assignes shall not
40 att anie time hereafter make doe or Committ anie wast or spoyle whatsoever
41 in or upon the Premises or anie of them or anie part or parcell thereof
42 And upon Trust and Confidence That my said Cousin John Goddard his
43 Executors or Administrators shall out of the Rents issues and proffitts of
44 the said Mannors or Lordshipps of Peet and Fingrinho Messuages
45 Lands Tenements and hereditaments aforesaid not onlie well and
46 truly satisfy and pay or cause to paye all the said severall annuities
47 or yearelie rent Charges by me herein before given and graunted as
48 aforesaid att the Feasts or Tearmes a foresaid or att the furthest within
49 fower and Twentie dayes next after everie of the same Feasts by even
50 and equall portions according as the same are herein before given and
51 graunted out of the same Mannors except in Case of such Losse hapning
52 to my said Wife as aforesaid other then the annuitie or yeare rent
53 Charge of Twentie pounds to my said Sister Mirable Barnes which I
54 desire my said Cousin John Goddard to pay unto her Quarterly
55         because

Page 10

1   because of her necessities and I desire him to pay my Sisters Dawsons
2   annuitie into her owne hands and \not/ to her husbands for that is my intent and
3   her severall acquittances shall be his sufficient discharges And upon further
4   Trust and Confidence That the said John Goddard my Cousin shall from
5   and after my decease procure and Cause my Nephew George Frere sonne
6   of Thomas and Johan Frere with the Consent and approbation of the
7   said Johan his Mother and of John Frere my Cousin of Finningham
8   aforesaid or of the Survivour of them to be brought upp att Schoole to
9   Learne and to be instructed in the English and Latine Tongue and in
10   wrighting and cifering [Note 8] u[n]till he shall accomplish the age of sixteene
11   yeares and for his maintenance and education during the same sixteen
12   yeares shall allowe Thirtie poundes Sterling out of the rents issues and
13   proffitts of the said Mannors Messuages Lands Tenements and Heredi-
14   taments To the intent That the said George Frere may be Fitt to putt
15   Apprentice to a Marchant And upon Trust and Confidense also that
16   the said John Goddard shall out of the rents issues and proffitts of the
17   said Mannors att such Time as the said George Frere shall have accom-
18   plished the age of sixteen yeares pay and disburse out of the same Rents
19   issues and proffitts for the placeing forth of the said George Frere an
20   Apprentice to a Marchant the summe of Two hundred poundes of Lawfull
21   money of England Provided alwaies and my Will and meaning is That
22   if the said George Frere shall not by the Counsell and direction of his
23   Mother and of the said John Frere my Cousin of Finningham or of the
24   Survivour of them be perswaded to be brought upp as aforesaid and bound
25   Apprentice to a Marchant and serve out his time of Apprentishipp
26   according to my true meaning herein expressed That then and from thence
27   forth the said John Goddard my Cousin shall be discharged of the Trust
28   last mentioned and from the payment of anie yearelie or other summe
29   of money to the said George Frere any thing in this my Will Contained
30   to the Contrarie thereof notwithstanding but in Case my said Cousin
31   George Frere shall be advised by his Mother and my said Cousin John
32   Frere of Finningham or the Survivour of them and shall take theire
33   Councell and be putt out Apprentice to a Marchant as a foresaid
34   Then I give and bequeath from and after such time as my said Cousin
35   shall accomplish the age of Fower and Twentie yeares unto the said
36   George Frere all the said Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho and either
37   of them with theire and everie of theire Appurtenances and all and
38   singular Messuages Lands Tenements and hereditaments to the same
39   or either of them belonging or appertaining Charged with soe manie
40   of the severall annuities or yearelie Rent Charges a foresaid as then
41   shall stand in force to be paid according to the True meaning of this
42   my last Will and Testament To the said John Frere my Cousin and
43   the heires of his bodie lawfully to be begotten Together with all such rents
44   issues proffitts and summes of money as in the meane Time shall have
45   been receaved by the said John Goddard and not by him disbursed or
46   paid out of the same according to the true meaning of this my last
47   Will and Testament and for lack of such issue I give and bequeath
48   the same Mannors Messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditam[en]ts
49   with theire and every of theire Appurtenances unto my said Cousin
50   John Goddard sonne of my brother in Lawe John Goddard and of
51   Penelope his Wife my Sister and to the heires of my said Cousin
52   John Goddard for ever Charged as is last a foresaid And I give and
53   bequeath unto my Cousin John Goddard for his paines to be taken in the
54   performance of the Trusts and Confidences by me in him reposed
55           the

Page 11

1   the summe of One hundred poundes of Lawfull monie of England
2   to be paid w[i]thin one yeare next after my decease Item I give and
3   bequeath unto my Sister Penelope Goddard All those Messuages
4   Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever both Freehould
5   and Coppiehould Called Balls And all other the Lands Tenements
6   and Hereditaments with theire and everie of theire Appurtenances
7   scituate lying and being in Wickhamskeith in the said Countie of Suff[olk]
8   heretofore Conveyed and Surrendred unto me and my heires by and
9   from the said John Goddard her husband and not redeemed but forfeited
10   to me and my heires as by the Conveyances and Surrenders in that behalfe
11   may appeare To have and to hould unto the said Penelope Goddard my
12   Sister for the tearme of her naturall life Item I give and bequeath unto my
13   Brother in Lawe John Goddard one Annuitie or yearely rent Charge
14   of Eight poundes of Lawfull money of England to be issueing payable
15   and goeing out and yearelie to be had perceaved and taken of in and
16   upon all those Free hould and Coppiehould Messuages Lands Tenem[en]ts
17   and Hereditaments lying and being in Wickhamskeyth a foresaid and
18   which were Conveyed to me by my said brother in Lawe John Goddard
19   as is a foresaid specifyed To have hold and yearely to receave perceave
20   take and inioy the said annuitie or yearely rent Charge of Eight
21   poundes unto the said John Goddard my brother in Lawe immediately
22   from and after the decease of the said Penelope Goddard his Wife my
23   Sister if he shall be then liveing for and during the Tearme of his
24   naturall life att two Feasts or Tearme of the yeare (That is to say[)] att
25   the Feasts of Saint Michaell Tharch Angell and Thanunciation of
26   the blessed Virgin Marie or within Twenty one dayes next ensueing
27   either of the same Feasts by even and equall portions The first payment
28   thereof to beginne and be made att such of the same Feasts as shall first
29   and next happen after the decease of the said Penelope Goddard if the said
30   John Goddard her husband shall be then liveing or within twentie one
31   days next ensueing the same Feast And if it shall happen the said annuity
32   or yearely rent Charge of eight pounds or anie part or parcell thereof
33   to be behind and unpaid in part or in all by the space of Twenty one
34   dayes next over or after either of the Feasts a foresaid att which the same
35   ought to be paid That then and from thence forth it shall and may be
36   Lawfull To and for the said John Goddard my Brother in Lawe and
37   his Assignes into the said Messuages Lands Tenements and Heredita-
38   ments or anie part or parcell thereof to enter and distraine and
39   the distresse or distresses Then and there had or taken to Leade beare
40   drive and Carrie awaie and the same with him or them to detaine
41   and Keepe untill he or they of the said Annuitie or yearelie Rent
42   Charge or anie parte or parcell thereof soe being behind and unpaid
43   shall be fully satisfyed Contented and paid Item I give and
44   bequeath unto George Goddard sonne of the said John Goddard and
45   Penelope one Annuitie or yearelie Rent Charge of Tenn poundes of
46   Lawfull monie of England to be issueing payable and goeing out and
47   yearelie to be had perceaved and taken of in and upon all the said
48   Messuages Lands and Tenements lying and being in Wickhamskeyth
49   aforesaid both free and Coppie hould To me Conveyed and surren-
50   dred by my said Brother in Law John Goddard as aforesaid and everie
51   or anie of them To have hold and yearely to Receave perceave take
52   and inioy the same annuitie or yearely Rent Charge of Tenn poundes
53   unto the said George Goddard and his assignes immediatelie from and
54   after the decease of the said Penelope Goddard my Sister for and during
55           The

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1   The Tearme of the naturall life of the same George Goddard att Two
2   Feasts or Tearmes of the yeare That is to say att the Feasts of Saint
3   Michaell Tharch Angell and Thannuntiation of the blessed Virgin
4   Marie or within Twenty one dayes next ensueing either of the same
5   Feasts by even and equall portions The first payment thereof to beginn
6   and be made att such of the same Feasts as shall first and next happen
7   after the decease of the said Penelope Goddard if the said George Goddard
8   shall be then liveing and if it shall <...> happen The said Annuitie or
9   yearely Rent Charge of Tenn poundes or anie part or parcell thereof to be
10   behind or unpaid in part or in all by the space of Twentie one dayes next
11   over or after either of the Feasts Dayes aforesaid att which the same is herein
12   before Limited or ought to be paid as a foresaid That then and from thence
13   forth it shall and may be Lawfull To and for the said George Goddard
14   and his assignes into the said Messuages Lands Tenements and Heredi-
15   taments or anie part or parcell thereof to enter and distraine and the
16   distresse or distresses Then and there had and taken to Lead beare drive and
17   Carrie away and the same with him or them to detaine and keepe untill
18   he or they of the said annuitie or yearelie Rent Charge of Tenn poundes
19   or of anie part or parcell thereof soe being behind and unpaid shall
20   be fully satisfyed Contented and paid And after the decease of the said
21   Penelope my Sister I give and bequeath all the said Messuages Lands
22   Tenements and Hereditaments heretofore Conveyed to me by the said
23   John Goddard Brother in Lawe as a foresaid Charged with the said
24   annuities of Eight poundes and Tenn poundes last mentioned unto the
25   said John Goddard my Cousin sonne of the said John Goddard my Brother
26   in Law and Penelope my Sister and to the heires and Assignes of the same
27   John Goddard \illegible/ for ever Item I give and bequeath unto my nephew Thomas
28   Frere sonne of my brother John Frere deceased the summe of five poundes
29   of Lawfull money of England Item I give to my Cousin Elizabeth Jackson
30   Daughter of my said brother John Frere the summe of one hundred
31   pounds of Lawfull monie of England to be paid within one yeare next
32   after my decease Item I give and bequeath unto Edmund Goddard sonne
33   of the said John Goddard my Brother in Law John Goddard the summe
34   of Fifty pounds of Lawfull monie of England to be paid in to his Fathers
35   hands to his use within one yeare next after my decease Item I give and
36   bequeath unto Robert Goddard sonne of the said John Goddard my Brother
37   in Lawe the summe of fiftie poundes of like monie to be paid into his Fathers
38   hands to his use within one yeare next after my decease Which said severall
39   summes of fiftie poundes and Fiftie poundes last mentioned I will shall be
40   putt by theire Father for theire severall uses and benefitt upon securitie att
41   six poundes per Cent[um] and the benefitt thereof by him to be preserved for theire
42   better placeing out to be Apprentices to be paid unto them severallie by theire
43   Father as my Guift att the Accomplishment of theire severall ages of twenty
44   and fower yeares and theire Fathers receipt for the same Legacies shall
45   be to my Executors a sufficient discharge and discharges for the same Legacies
46   against the said Children Item I give and bequeath unto Susan Goddard
47   Daughter of the said John Goddard my brother in Lawe the summe of
48   Fiftie poundes of Lawfull money of England to be paid within one yeare
49   next after my decease into her Fathers hands for her use and by him to be putt
50   out upon securitie att six poundes pro Cent[um] for a yeare The said Interest to
51   be given to her the said Susan by her Father for her better maintenance
52   and the said fiftie poundes to be paid unto her by her Father att the
53   Accomplishment of her age of one and Twentie yeares or on the Day of
54   her marriage which shall first happen and her Fathers Acquittance
55           for the

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1   said Fiftie poundes shall be a sufficient discharge for the said [blank] sic Original
2   poundes To my Executors against the said Susan Goddard Item I give
3   and bequeath unto Thomas Dawson sonne of my Sister Dawson the sum[m]e of 50l
4   of Lawfull monie of England to be paid within one yeare next after my decease
5   Item I give unto John Dawson the sonne of my Sister Dawson fortie
6   shillings of Like monie Item I give and bequeath unto Anne Dawson
7   Daughter of my said Sister Dawson the summe of fiftie poundes of
8   Lawfull monie of England to be paid into her Fathers hands for her use
9   within one yeare next after my decease by him to be lent forth att Interest
10   att six poundes per Cent[um] upon Securitie and the benefitt thereof to be
11   preserved for the inlarging of her portion and the same fiftie poundes
12   and the increase thereof to be paid unto her by her Father att the accomplish-
13   ment of her age of one and twentie yeares or on the Day of her marriage
14   which shall first happen and <.> her Fathers receipt for the same shall be a
15   sufficient discharge to my Executors Item I give and bequeath unto George
16   Dawson another of my Sister Dawsons Children and my Godsonne the
17   summe of fifty poundes monie of England to \be/ paid into his
18   Fathers hands for his use within one yeare next after my decease and by
19   him to be putt out upon security att six poundes per Cent and the benefitt
20   thereof to be preserved for the putting him forth to some good Trade And
21   the said fifty poundes to be paid unto the said George Dawson by his Father
22   att the accomplishment of his age of fower and Twentie yeares Item I give
23   and bequeath unto Henry Dawson another sonne of my said Sister
24   Dawson the summe of fiftie poundes of Lawfull monie of England to
25   be paid unto his Fathers hands for his use within one yeare next after
26   my decease and by him to be putt out upon Securitie att six pounds per
27   Cent[um] and the benefitt to be preserved for the putting him forth to some
28   good Trade and the said fiftie poundes to be paid unto the said Henry
29   Dawson att the accomplishment of his age of fower and Twenty yeares
30   And I will that theire Fathers receipts for theire severall Legacies which
31   are appoynted unto him shall be sufficient discharge and discharges to
32   my Executors for the same Legacies against the severall Children Item
33   I give and bequeath unto Bridgett Frere my Cousin now dwelling with
34   me the summe of one hundred poundes of Lawfull monie of England
35   to be paid unto her within six months next after my decease Item I forgive
36   and remitt unto my Brother in Lawe John Goddard all the rent he
37   oweth me for the Lands Called Balls Item I give and bequeath to
38   my Executors for the finishing of the buildings I have begunne adioyning
39   unto the Mannor house of Fingrinho a foresaid all the Quitt Rents
40   monies and fines which will be due by the Freehould or Coppiehould
41   Tena[n]ts <...> of the foresaid Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho or either
42   of them att the Feast Day of Saint Michaell Tharch Angell now
43   next Comeing Item I give and bequeath unto my Sister
44   Hays Widdow the summe of Tenn poundes Lawfull money of England
45   to be paid within six monthes next after my decease Item I give unto my
46   Loveing freind Master Henry Potter To whome I am much ingaged for
47   manie Loveing Kindnesses the summe of five poundes as a toaken of my
48   Love to him Item I give unto Francis Heath fortie shillings to make him
49   a Ring Item I give unto Hellen Robinson \sometime/ my Servant forty shillings for
50   which her receipt shall be a sufficient discharge Item I give unto my Cousin
51   Anne Harrington fiftie shillings for a Ring and my meaning is That
52   my Executrix shall not lend anie monie parcell of my Estate untill
53   my Will be performed The rest and residue of all and singular my
54   Goods Chattells Credditts Debts readie monie and personall Estate
55           whatsoever

Page 14

1   whatsoever The debts I owe being paid my Funerall discharges and this my
2   last Will and Testament in all things performed according to my True
3   meaning herein expressed I give and bequeath unto the said Blanch
4   my Wife To her owne propper use and behoofe And I ordaine and
5   make my said Loveing Wife Blanch the full and sole Executrix of this
6   my last Will and Testament And I appoynt my Cousin John Frere
7   of Finningham John Page of London Marchant and William Richbell
8   Scrivener Overseers And I give and bequeath unto every of them five
9   poundes a peece Sterling desiring them to advise my Executrix as neede
10   shall be And I revoake all former Wills and Testaments by me heretofore
11   made Willing theise presents and none other to be repused for and as my
12   last Will and Testament In Witnesse whereof I the said George Frere
13   To every Leafe of this my last Will and Testament Contained in
14   Fiftie and one sheetes of paper have putt my hand and have hereunto
15   sett my seale The Day and yeare first above written George Frere Signed
16   Sealed delivered published and declared by the said George Frere for and
17   as his last Will and Testament in the presence of John Paige Laurence
18   Loe Ar: Barham : Wm Richbell Snr
 
19           A Codicill made the
20   first and Twentith Day of September One thousand
21   six hundred fifty five to be annexed to the last Will
22   and Testament of me George Frere of London Marchan[t]
23   Dated the Twentith day of this present month of
24   September (videlicet)
 
25   Whereas by my said Will I have given to my Brother
26   William Frere One Annuitie of Thirtie poundes issueing out of certaine
27   houses or Tenements scituate in the Parish of Bennett Finck in London
28   for and during his naturall life as thereby maie appeare And where-
29   as I have erected a New building adioyning to my Mannor house of
30   Fingrinho in the Countie of Essex my Will and minde is that my
31   said Brother William Frere shall together with my Cousin Johan Frere
32   Wife of my brothers sonn Thomas Frere have and inioy the said new
33   erected building for the finishing whereof I have provided as by my Will
34   appears Together with the Orchard and Garden layd to the same and
35   Tenne Acres of the ground next adioyning to the said building for theire
36   habitation and dwelling Together and keepeing \of/ such Cattell thereupon as
37   they thinke good untill my Cousin George Frere shall accomplish the age
38   of Three and Twentie yeares The said William Frere my Brother
39   takeing Care for the preservation of the Woods to the said Mannors belonging
40   and assisting my Cousin John Goddard if he require it to gett in the Fines
41   and Quitt Rents of my Mannors of Peete and Fingrinho and either of
42   them And also I allowe unto the said William Frere my Brother and Joane
43   Frere my Cousin Tenn Loads of fyrewood to be taken upon my wood
44   groundes yearely to be expended upon the Premisses and not to be sold &
45   I give to my said brother William and my Cousin Joane Frere my
46   bald Bay mare Geo: Frere
 
47   This Will and Codicill annexed was proved att London
48   The Two and Twentith Day of November In the Yeare of our
49           Lord

Page 15


1   Lord God One Thousand Six hundred fiftie and five before the Judges for probate
2   Of Wills and granting Administrations Lawfullie authorised by the oath of
3   Blanch Frere the Relict and sole and only Executrix named in the above
4   written Will To whome Administration of all and singular the goods Chattells
5   and debts of the said deceased was Committed she being first Legallie
6   sworne truly and faythfullie to administer the same

Notes
1 St Benet Fink was a church and parish in the City of London located in what is now Threadneedle Street; St Benet is short for St Benedict and there were four churches with this dedication prior to the Great Fire of 1666; Benedict Fink referred to Benedict of Nursia, the 6th century founder of Western monasticism; "Fink" is derived from Robert Fink (alias Finch), a 13th century benefactor who paid to have the church rebuilt; Finch Lane (originally named "Fink" or "Finck" Lane, off Threadneedle Street, was named after the same family. (Source: Wikipedia)
2 vizt = videlicet, translated as "that is to say"
3 this is clearly an error and should say "Essex"
4 distrain: To constrain or force (a person) by the seizure and detention of a chattel or thing, to perform some obligation (as to pay money owed by him, to make satisfaction for some wrong done by him or by his beasts, or to perform some other act, e.g. to appear in court); to punish by such seizure and detention for the non-performance of such obligation. (Source: Oxford English Dictionary)
5 distress: The action of distraining; the legal seizure and detention of a chattel, originally for the purpose of thereby constraining the owner to pay money owed by him or to make satisfaction for some wrong done by him, or to do some other act (e.g. to appear in court); according to later practice, in order that out of the proceeds of its sale (if not redeemed within a fixed period) satisfaction may be obtained of some debt or claim, now, especially, for rent unpaid. (Source: Oxford English Dictionary)
6 This should read "Twenty pounds" according to the bequests in the original document; possible a scribe's transcription error.
7 members: A section or district, esp. an outlying part of an estate, manor, parish, etc. Now  rare. (Source: Oxford English Dictionary)
8 ciphering: to use the Arabic numerals in the process of arithmetic; to work the elementary rules of arithmetic; now chiefly a term of elementary education. (Source: Oxford English Dictionary)

Keywordspete
Published20 September 1655
SourceMersea Museum
IDMARG_514