East Mersea Book: Works and Customs 1518/9 transcribed from Essex Record Office. Document D/DRc M12 (f. 67 5.)
|2||A[nn]o. H. 8. 10 /|
|[Marginal Note] ||Revee [Reeve?]|
|ther ar. 37. Tenants w[hi]ch ware sumetyme Chardged w[i]th works and Customs ut infra [as below] &tc:|
|3||It[e]m : pr[esents] that ther ar xvij Tenant[es] custom[er]ie w[hi]ch ar|
|4||chardged w[i]th gatheringe the Rent[es] of the Lord ther,|
|5||And also w[i]th dyvers works and Customes of Anticquitie|
|6||ther used : &c / notwithstandinge dyvers Tene[men]t[es] of the|
|7||sayd xvij Tenants ar now exempt and exonerated|
|8||of Collectinge the Rents & of works & Custom[e]s aforsayd|
|9||By the payinge yearly - iijs viijd besyde the Rent[es]|
|10||yearly ther dewe by auntiante \Contynewance/ Custom[e] therof & ther had|
|11||and used ect : videlizet [Note 1]|
|12||Ostenc[io] [?] Copia[rum] [?]|
|13||Thomas Broman acknowlidgeth him self to hould by Copie of|
|14||Cou[er]te one meseuage & v acr[e]s of Land costom[er]ie w[it]h thapu[er]t[e]n[an]c[e]s|
|15 Monnd[es]||called Mounds; & Rent[es] by year for evrie Acre - iiijd|
|16||And rents by year for works & customs therof of Late due - ijs 8d|
|17||and rent[es] by year for Collectinge the Lords Rents ther|
|18||of Late Likewise due - xijd Sum[m]e to[ta]ll of the rents|
|19||by yeare with the works & Customs aforsayd ____________vs iiijd|
|20||It[e]m the same Tho: houldeth by Copie of Cou[er]t Roul one mesuage|
|21 Ward[es]||and viij acris of Lond costom[erie] called Werd[es] and rents by year|
|22||of rent for ev[er]ie acre - iiijd And for Work[es] & Customs and|
|23||Collec[t] the Lords rent[es] as aforsayd, - iijs viijd Sum[m]e totall|
|24||of rent[es] by year __________________________________ vjs iiijd|
|25 Bromans||[e]m the same Thomas houldeth by Copie of Cou[er]te one Tenement|
|26||and xiiij acris of Land Cust[o]m[er]ie called Bromans & Rent[es]|
|27||by year for ev[er]ie acre - iiijd & rents by year for works & costoms|
|28||____ijs_ viijd . & renteth by year for collectinge the Lords rents|
|29||____xijd. Sum[m]e tot[all] of Rents by year w[i]th work[es] & costoms :|
|30||___________________________________________________ viijs iiijd|
|31 Workes||It[e]m the same Thomas houldeth by Copie of Cou[er]te one Tenement|
|32||and xxv a[c]res of Lond Costom[er]ie & he[r]ettab[le] called Rauf m[er]tills|
|1518/19 AD [Note 1]|
|[Marginal Notes] ||Reeve Hall. There are 37 tenants that were at some point charged with works and customs; see below|
Item: Firstly, that there are 37 customary tenants charged with collecting rent due to the
Lord of the Manor and undertaking various established works and customs [Note 2].
Notwithstanding that various tenements leased to the said 37 tenants are exempt
from collecting rent and performing the said customary work, by payment of an annual
sum of 3 shillings and 8 pence, in addition to their annual rent,is due in respect of
continuing ancient customs; that is to say:
| Copy as Follows [?]|
|Mounds||Thomas Broman acknowledges that he holds by copy of the court roll one messuage [Note 3]
and 5 acres of customary lands with appurtenances called Mounds, at an annual rent
of 4 pence per acre.
Annual payment for works and customs previously due 2 shillings and 8 pence.
Total annual payment: 5 shillings 4 pence.
|Wardes||Item: Thomas Broman also holds by copy of the court roll one messuage and 8 acres
of customary land called Wardes. Annual rent per acre is 4 pence; he also pays for exemption from works and customs, and collecting the Lord's rents (as above), 3 shillings and 8 pence.
Total annual payment: 6 shillings 4 pence
|Bromans||Item: Thomas Broman holds by copy of the court roll one tenement and 14 acres of
customary land called Bromans. Annual rent per acre is 4 pence; annual payment for works and customs - 2 shillings and 8 pence; annual rent - 12 pence.
Total annual payment: 8 shillings 4 pence.
|Works||Item: Thomas Broman holds by copy of the court roll one tenement and 25 acres of|
Note 1 This is the tenth year of the reign of King Henry VIII; the exact year is not known as the month this document was dated is not specified.
Note 2 the recorded customs detailing conditions of tenure and the services to be rendered by tenants to the Lord of the Manor
Note 3 dwelling house and associated lands
Note 4 manorial or communal officer, often elected from customary tenants, and usually concerned with the management of open fields and commons.